HAIR TRANSPLANTATION

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Hair transplantation. Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that moves hair follicles from a part of the body called the ‘donor site’ to a bald or balding part of the body known as the ‘recipient site’. It is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness.

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FUE METHOD

Follicular unit extraction (FUE), also known as follicular transfer (FT), is one of two primary methods of obtaining hair follicles, naturally occurring groups of one to four hairs, for hair transplantation.

  • The follicular units obtained by either method are the basic building blocks of follicular unit transplantation (FUT). Follicular unit extraction was first described in 1988 by Masumi Inaba in Japan, who introduced the use of a 1-mm needle for extracting follicular units.
  • Follicular unit extraction takes considerable time and expense to learn and to develop skills to a high standard.
  • The survival of follicular units upon extraction from the scalp is one of the key variables of successful hair transplantation. If follicular units are transected in the extraction process, there is a greater likelihood that they will not survive the transplant, and the hair transplant will fail. While FUT procedures using strip-harvesting of follicular units typically guarantees a large number of non-transected follicular units, FUE procedures can, and often do, transect grafts, rendering them useless in a transplant.
  • FUE harvesting of grafts may cause “pit” scarring,[6] small, round, and typically white scars in the patient’s donor area where the grafts have been removed.
  • Follicular unit extraction generally has a quicker patient recovery time and significantly lower post-operative discomfort than follicular unit transplantation (FUT).[8] Additionally the risk of long term nerve damage, leading to chronic numbness and/or pain in the donor area, is significantly reduced with FUE vs the strip (FUT) procedure. Additionally, FUE provides an alternative to FUT when the scalp is too tight for a strip excision and enables a hair transplant surgeon to harvest finer hair from the nape of the neck to be used at the hairline or for eyebrows.

BIO-FUE METHOD

What is BIO FUE Hair Transplant?

The advanced version of FUE Transplant, BIO FUE Transplant is a much more benefiting procedure. It delivers better results because of the combined use of unit extraction and PRP method. Many studies depict that the hair growth after BIO FUE Transplant is more natural in comparison to the other treatments.In this method the grafts are stored in the PRP; the biostimulation growth factors. These grafts then are introduced to the bald site and because of the catalyst effect of the PRP, the results are faster, natural and effective. The PRP also boosts the growth of the hair in the surrounding area and make the implant look more natural. It also strengthens the already thinning follicles and revives them with the growth booster dose.This process is a stitchless process which makes is the most popular technique of hair transplant. The process ensures that the transplant is not only natural but healthy and effective. Being a natural process it does not have any serious side effects associated with it.

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Advantages of BIO FUE Hair Transplant

  • Improved hair growth – The PRP mixed with the unit follicles improves the growth of your implanted hair. The growth is very much natural and shows no sign of a change of color, texture and type
  • Solution for thinning hair – The process not only improves the growth of the implanted hairs but also stimulates the growth of the hairs in the surrounding area affected with hair thinning.
  • Better hair texture – The PRP solution gives you better-textured hairs. This procedure ensures that you get lovely and shiny hairs.
  • Quick healing – This is a quick healing process because of the PRP factor. It takes minimal time to give you the normal site back.
  • No scars – BIO FUE transplant concentrates on unit follicle transfers it leaves very small scars on the scalp. This helps in quick healing and as a result no scars.
  • Cost effective – The process is highly cost effective as it does not require maintenance for a long time. The PRP factor leaves long lasting effects.

IMPLANTATION METHODS

VARIOUS TYPE OF IMPLATATION

NEEDLE METHOD

SLIT METHOD

  • Slit Hair Transplantation method is a new generation hair transplantation technique used in regions where intensive hair transplantation will be performed. The method, also known as lateral slit, uses thin scalpels for grooving. Scalpels are prepared according to graft and hair thickness. In this method, grooving is performed at smaller angles.
  • Slit method, which is preferred and advantageous in hair transplantation to the temple area in thin-skinned individuals, can be used to imitiate the natural angulation of the hair. Thus, the hair can be provided more natural appearance. The slit method is an ideal application to make natural the hair finish line, especially in area close to the hair line.
  • The depth of the canal can be adjusted according to the root length of the grafts. Therefore, it is a more risk-free method compared to other methods that have the risk of deep channel opening. Slit hair transplantation method results in a faster healing process. The surface of the scalp also does not notice any differences such as pits and blisters. The open area closure rate is also higher. When intensive planting and lateral slit techniques are used together, high number of graft can be transplanted in one session.
  • Operation Time
  • Slit method operation time from 2-5 hours

IMPLANTER PEN

What is an Implanter Pen?

An implanter pen is an instrument used by physicians to transfer follicular hair unit grafts onto the scalp – a follicular unit typically contains anywhere from one to four healthy hairs. This device was first invented in the 1990s by Yung Chul Chou of the Kyungpook National University, who designed the device to reduce the amount of labor involved during hair transplants as well as to reduce the amount of direct physical contact to the recipient’s scalp. By minimizing the amount of direct physical contact, the scalp experiences less trauma during the procedure and can heal more quickly. An implanter pen also shortens the amount of time that the follicular unit spends outside of the body, which in turn increases its odds of survivability.

How do Implanter Pens Work

During a hair transplant, the physician first removes the follicular units from the donor zone, either as a strip from the back of the scalp (as with Follicular Unit Strip Surgery) or individually (as with Follicular Unit Extraction). These follicular units are then dissected and rearranged into grafts that are ready for reinsertion into the scalp. Once the grafts are prepared, they are then carefully loaded into the needle of the implanter pen using special forceps. Usually an assistant will perform this loading process for multiple pens and hand them to the physician one-by-one as needed throughout the course of the procedure. Next, the physician instantly creates a recipient site by pressing down on the pen’s plunger, injecting the graft through the needle and into the scalp. During this step, the physician must be careful to angle the needle of the pen so that the hair will grow naturally. If the needle is facing at a bad angle, the follicle will be misangled and the resulting hairs will grow noticeably out of place.

Hair Transplants before Implanter Pens

Traditionally, a physician performs a hair transplant using a moderate to high gauge needle or blade to create incisions. Many still prefer this method as the use of implanter pens is rare. However, incisions using a blade must be deep enough for the follicular units to take root. This can lead to potential complications such as infections, scarring, and even necrosis. Implanter pens, however, can sometimes reduce these risks in a number of different ways. A main advantage of these devices is that they instantaneously create recipient sites using a fine needle, which minimalizes bleeding and the chance of infection. This also reduces the scarring as well, though scars will be present as with any puncture of the skin. The immediate nature of placement into the recipient sites allows for greater densities to be achieved and with less bleeding as the incision does not have time to ooze after the incision is made. The hairs themselves also have a higher chance of survivability since vital structures such as the dermal papillae are not directly touched. The follicular units themselves fit snugly into the newly created recipient site, and the overall healing time is usually quite short since the donor extraction procedure is almost synonymously FUE.

COMPLICATIONS OF POST HAIR TRANSPLATATION

What are the complications associated with a hair transplant?

Side effects from a hair transplant are usually minor and clear up within a few weeks.
They can include:

  • bleeding
  • infection
  • swelling of the scalp
  • bruising around the eyes
  • a crust that forms on the areas of the scalp where hair was removed or implanted
  • numbness or lack of sensation on the treated areas of the scalp
  • itching
  • inflammation or infection of the hair follicles, which is known as folliculitis
  • shock loss, or sudden but typically temporary loss of the transplanted hair
  • unnatural-looking tufts of hair
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Short-Term Complications

Typically, any side effects which follow a hair transplant will be minor and will often clear up within a few weeks of the procedure. These short-term side effects include:

    • Bleeding & Swelling Of The Scalp

One of the most common side effects patients may experience is bleeding and swelling of the scalp. The nature of the hair transplant means that follicles will be removed from areas of the head that see healthy hair growth and be transplanted into the treatment areas through incisions. While the FUE method is far less intrusive than the traditional FUT method, which required strips to be cut from the scalp, there is still a possibility of some minor bleeding and swelling as the transplants heal.

    • Itching

Itching is a common side effect of any surgery as areas of the body are trying to heal and as a result, it’s an understandable common occurrence after a hair transplant. It is important, however, not to scratch the scalp to relieve itching, as this can lead to the displacement of the newly transplanted hair follicles. It could also lead to dirt being passed into the wounds, which could ultimately lead to an infection and become dangerous. If the itching is prolonged after the hair transplant procedure, it may be a result of the shampoo you are using, but you can contact one of our aftercare specialists for further information on how to prevent an itching scalp.

    • Infection

Inflammation or infection of the hair follicles is known as folliculitis and can occur as a complication of a hair transplant. Infections of this kind can often be treated by a mild antibiotic cream, lotion or gel. If the infection becomes more serious, then it is advised to contact our aftercare specialists in order to gain additional medical help or advice.

    • Shock Loss

Shock loss refers to the scenario when newly transplanted hair suddenly falls out post-procedure. This is a surprisingly common complication, but it is not one for patients to be concerned about. In fact, patients who experience shock loss will find that their newly transplanted hair will re-grow within a few months, as the follicles transplanted into their scalp will remain intact.

Long-Term Complications

While there are a number of short-term complications, these are often resolved within the first few weeks after the procedure takes place and the hair begins to grow back. However, there are some long-term complications which may also need to be considered:

      • Scalp Laxity

The laxity of the scalp could be impacted after a hair transplant procedure, due to the trauma your head is put through during the surgery. This is most common after the FUT procedure. Typically, the scalp will regain the majority of its laxity within the first six-eight months after the procedure, but it will continue to loosen after this. If the patient had a loose scalp to begin with then the scalp is more likely to return to full laxity, while a tighter scalp prior to the surgery will see a more noticeable change.

      • Grafts Which Fail To Take

While our success rate here at Longevita is high, there are some circumstances where a patient’s grafts will not take to the scalp and therefore a repetition of the surgery is required. All of the surgeons we work with are fully insured, offering peace of mind and support for each of our patients if this is the case. In the event that your hair transplant procedure has not taken, the patient consultant will review the progress of growth and take any required action.

      • Hair Curl

A long-term complication after a hair transplant can be a ‘hair curl’. This means that the hair follicle which has been transplanted into the scalp has curled under which could result in an ingrown hair. This can be highly irritating for a patient and could result in infection. If there are a large number of curled hairs on the head, the results of the hair transplant may appear unnatural.

POST HAIR TRANSPLANTATION CARE

HAIR TRANSPLANT AFTERCARE

SOLUTIONS TO FOLLOW AFTER A HAIR TRANSPLANT

        • Hair Transplant Aftercare – Many people seek hair transplant surgery to improve their looks. Head hair has a striking effect on the appearance and can help a person to look young. Moreover, this form of surgery is not only safe and cost-effective. It also provides long-term, goal-oriented, reliable results to treat baldness.
        • SOME THINGS TO DO AFTER THE SURGERYEssential Hair Transplant Aftercare Kit:After surgery, it is important to have an aftercare kit ready to take care of the new hair. This kit ensures that hair remains intact and appears beautiful and renewed. The following items form a key p
        • art of the hair transplant aftercare kit:
          • Antibiotic 500mg.
          • Painkiller 500mg.
          • Cleansing foam.
          • Anti-swelling agent.
          • Medical shampoo.
          • Hat.
          • Neck pillow.
          • Earplugs.
          • Eye mask.
          • Headband.
          • Patient’s file: instructions
          • guarantee, invoice etc.
        • During the procedure, you should cover your eyes and ears to keep these organs safe. Taking proper care of the hair after your transplant is sure to offer a lifelong guarantee of something that you will enjoy and love.

THINGS TO AVOID AFTER HAIR TRANSPLANT SURGERY

        • Avoid exposing the scalp to direct sunlight: Direct sunlight contains harmful UV rays. Immediately after the procedure and for a few days afterwards, wear a protective article or cap when going outside.
        • Try not to scratch or touch the operated scalp: During the first few days, you may feel a tingling, swelling or itching sensation on your head. Rubbing or scratching may cause the new grafts to come out before they have developed.
        • Refrain from drinking alcohol for the first week after the procedure, since this can affect blood circulation in the head. Alcohol is considered to be among the major causes of hair loss in men and women.
        • Avoid smoking: Smoking must also be avoided in the first two days after surgery since it could affect the circulation of blood to hair follicles present on the scalp. New hair development can only take place with adequate circulation.
        • Refrain from participating in outdoor exercises, activities or sports for a week or so after the surgery.
        • Avoid activities which lead to excess sweating. You must also avoid the sauna or steam shower for one month to avoid risking health issues.
        • Avoid twisting around or bending consistently for the first week after surgery.
        • A hair transplant is an undoubtedly effective treatment for restoring lush hair to your head. Please, therefore, ensure you take proper care of your scalp after surgery.
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